1. It was made by a Frenchman
2. It looks like it was drawn a long time ago
3. The positioning of the African and South American continents is surprisingly accurate
4. The map contains fairly accurate descriptions of Antarctic shores, mountain ranges, rivers, bays, and relative size
5. The map bears a striking resemblance to modern maps of the Antarctic
All five points are true, although admittedly, the fact that is was created by a Frenchman is probably not unusual. The other 4 facts are astounding considering the following:
A. The map was drawn by Oronteus Finaeus in 1531 AD, long before the Antarctic had been discovered.
B. The longitudinal estimates for Africa and South America are accurate, yet a chronometer for accurately measuring longitudinal coordinates was not invented until 1720.
C. The topography of the Antarctic is surprisingly accurate, yet the continent has been covered in snow and ice for thousands of years.
D. Modern technology allowing us to peer through the thick ice and discover the underlying structure of the Antarctic was not invented until the 20th century.
Scholars agree that the map’s accuracy cannot be due to chance. If the map’s accuracy was not due to chance, how did it come to pass? The best answer that I know of is that Oronteus Finaeus, and a few other 16th century cartographers who drew maps of the southern continent, relied on ancient cartography. If this is true, the maps would have have been copied from maps drawn by ancient civilizations with advanced skills in estimating longitude, and with access to the Antarctic continent before it became covered in ice.
The above 1531 map was uncovered in 1960 by Charles Hapgood. He found the map in the US Library of Congress in Washington, DC. Charles surmised that the Antarctic could have remained ice-free as early as 4000 BC when the entire continent might have been located at least 2000 miles farther north in the temperate zone. He argued that a civilization existing 6000 years ago could have drawn up accurate maps that were later used by 16th century cartographers.
Well, now. I can think of an enlightened civilization that existed approximately 6000 years ago at a time when the land masses were combined. That would be the pre-deluge, Adamite people who received light and knowledge from the Lord (before falling into apostasy). According to scripture, they lived on a single land mass called Pangea.
Barring the discovery of a space-travelling, earth-mapping, jelly donut eating, advanced Martian civilization that secretly put maps into Europe during the 16th century, I am going with Adamite civilizations.